Q: What is the anatomy of shoulder joint?
A: Shoulder joint is made up of three bones: upper arm bone (humerus), shoulder blade (scapula), and collarbone (clavicle). The shoulder is a ball-and-socket joint: The ball, or head, of your upper arm bone, fits into a shallow socket in your shoulder blade.
Q: What happens in shoulder replacement surgery?
A: In shoulder replacement surgery, the damaged parts of the shoulder are removed and replaced with artificial components, called a prosthesis.
The treatment options are either replacement of just the head of the humerus bone (ball), or replacement of both the ball and the socket.
Q: What is the prognosis for shoulder replacement?
A: After one year, 95% of TSA patients enjoy pain-free function. The pre-surgical condition of the shoulder muscles and tendons play a big role in the patient’s outcome. If their muscles and tendons are in good shape, rehab will be easier and rapid.
Q: When can I resume work after shoulder replacement surgery?
A: Can usually return to desk work within 2-4 weeks from the time of surgery but that heavier work is restricted for four months or more, depends on the strength, progress of the shoulder.
Q: Which patients are not suitable for shoulder replacement?
A: The patients not suitable are:
- Patients experiencing loss or paralysis of both rotator cuff and deltoid muscles
- Patients with active infection
- Some patients with a progressive disease of the nervous system
Q: When do I need a shoulder replacement?
A: You may need a joint replacement if your pain can't be reduced by treatments such as drugs, injections and physiotherapy; and it's affecting your quality of life.
Q: What are the advantages of shoulder replacement?
A: Shoulder replacement can lead to reduced joint pain, improved range of movement and a better quality of life. It may be several months before you notice the full benefits of the surgery.
Q: What are the disadvantages of a replaced joint?
A: Its disadvantages are:
- A replacement joint can never be as good as a normally-functioning natural joint.
- The range of movement will be less than with a healthy natural joint. Some movements, such as reaching above your head, may not be possible
- Replacement joints will also wear out after a time.
Q: What are the options other than shoulder replacement surgery?
A: The available options are:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs)
- Steroid Injections
Q: How long will the artificial joint last?
A: Usually, it is observed that shoulder replacement lasts for around 10 years or more, after this time it may loosen or wear out.